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Jolly Phonics 42 Sounds|How to Teach Alphabet To Kids|How To Teach Letter Sounds|Katral Elithu

2 Views· 09/30/23
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How Jolly Phonics works
Jolly Phonics is a comprehensive programme, based on the proven, fun and muliti-sensory synthetic phonics method that gets children reading and writing from an early age. This means that we teach letter sounds as opposed to the alphabet. These 42 letter sounds are phonic building blocks that children, with the right tools, use to decode the English language. When reading a word, they recognise the letters and blend together the respective sounds; when writing a word they identify the sounds and write down the corresponding letters. These skills are called blending and segmenting. These are two of the five skills that children need to master phonics:

Learning the letter sounds:
Children are taught 42 letter sounds, which is a mix of alphabet sounds (1 sound – 1 letter) and digraphs (1 sound – 2 letters) such as sh, th, ai and ue. Using a multi-sensory approach each letter sound is introduced with fun actions, stories and songs. We teach the letter sounds in 7 groups of 6 letters at a pace of 4-5 sounds a week. Children can start reading after the first group of letters have been taught and should have been introduced to all the 42 letter sounds after 9 weeks at school.

Learning letter formation:
This is taught alongside the introduction of each letter sound. Typically, children will learn how to form and write the letters letter down during the course of the lesson.

Once the first few letter sounds are learnt, children begin blending the sounds together to help them read and write new words.

When children start reading words, they also need to start identifying the phonic components that make the word sound the way it does. By teaching blending and segmenting at the same time children become familiar with assembling and breaking down the sounds within words.

Tricky words
These are words with irregular parts, such as ‘who’ and ‘I’. Children learn these as exceptions to the rules of phonics. Introducing the common tricky words early in the year increases reading fluency (as they frequently occur in those first simple sentences you might expect them to read).

If you would like to try teaching new letter sounds to your child, you should complete all of the following steps.

Step 1 - Story containing the sound
Step 2 - Action
Step 3 - Flashcard
Step 4 - Letter Formation
Step 5 - Blending
Step 6 - Sounding
Step 7 - Dictation
Step 8 - Song

The Jolly Phonics Lessons App is very useful in providing all of the content that you need for teaching the different steps. There are also guidance and activity sheets available to download in the resources section of this website.

Remember, the letter sounds should be taught in the order set out above, so start with Group 1 sounds and move on from there.

Step 1 - Story
Introduce a new sound to your child by telling the Jolly Phonics story containing the sound. For example, for the /s/ sound, there is a story about a snake that goes “ssssss”.
See the resources page for stories that you can download, or find the stories in the Jolly Phonics Lessons App.
Try to be fun and engaging whilst telling the story.

Step 2 - Action
Whilst saying the sound, demonstrate the action for that sound to your child. Ask them to do the action with you. For example, for the /s/ sound, the action is wiggling your arm around like a snake.

Find pictures and descriptions of all the actions on the downloadable actions sheet on the resources page, and also in the Phonics Lessons App.

Step 3 - Flashcard
Show your child the letters that form the sound by holding up a flashcard. Ask your child to say the sound and do the action each time you hold up the flashcard. Revise all of the sounds taught so far by showing the different flashcards one-by-one.

Make your own flashcards like the teacher has in the picture or use the flashcard on the Phonics Lessons App.

Step 4 - Formation
Show your child how to write the letter. Use your fingers as “magic pencils” to form it in the air, on the ground and on each other’s backs. Practice writing the letter with a pencil on paper using the “froggy legs grip”.

Step 5 - Blending
Show your child some words with the sounds in that they have learnt so far. Say the sounds individually together and then blend them together to read the words.

If you have any queries please comment below.
Thank you,
Sharmila Kannan.
Phonics Trainer.
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